Oil palm (Elaeis Guineensis jacq) has been recognized as one of the highest edible oil yielding crops which can yield 4 to 6 tones of oil/ha for a period of 3 to 25 years of life span. It produces 2 types of oil, i.e., palm oil and palm kernel oil, which are used for culinary as well as industrial purposes. Palm oil is derived from the fleshy mesocarp of the fruit, which contains about 45-55% of oil and the palm kernel oil is obtained from the stony seed which contains about 50% of oil. Oil Palm can also substantially contribute to the nutritional and enrgy requirements of the common man. Oil Palm is the crop for future and source for diversification, import substitution, value addition, health and nutrition, waste utilization, co-generation (non-conventional energy), sustainable and eco-friendly. It is a crop with lot of opportunities than challenges during 21st century.
Oil Palm is grown in humid tropics with evenly distributed rainfall of 2500-4000 mm/anum or with assured irrigation source. This crop yields 4-6 tones of oil/ha which is the highest when compared to other oilseed crops which are yielding less than one tonne oil/ha/year.